Sokoine University of Agriculture

A tailored nutrition education intervention improves women’s nutrition knowledge and dietary practices in farming households of Tanzania

Show simple item record Bundala, N. Kinabo, J. Jumbe, T. Rybak, C. Stuetz, W. Sieber, S. 2021-04-24T08:37:55Z 2021-04-24T08:37:55Z 2020-02-17
dc.identifier.issn 2372-0980
dc.description Journal of Nutritional Health & Food Science, 2019; 8(1):1-13. en_US
dc.description.abstract A study was carried out to assess the effectiveness of a nutrition education intervention among women residing in the villages of Dodoma and Morogoro regions of Tanzania. Prior to the intervention, a baseline survey was conducted in July-August 2016. The survey involved 663 women who completed a pre-test assessment for nutrition knowledge and practice and enrolled in nutrition education intervention. The intervention was carried out for 8 months (September 2017 to April 2018) including a 10 days group training per village with six-month individual training follow-ups in the household. Spouses/ adult men were also invited to participate in the intervention. Training content included; functions of food, food groups, malnutrition, food preparations, food consumption and homestead food production. Women were given a post-test during the endline survey (July-August 2018) to assess the intervention. Nutrition knowledge (NK), Nutrition Practice (NP) as well as a combination of Nutrition Knowledge and Practice (NKP) were computed using a scoring method as per FAO guidelines. The test was scored in a range of 0-10 for NK and NP and 0-20 for NKP. The median scores before and after the intervention were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The NKP scores among sub-groups of respondents were computed using Mann–Whitney and Kruskal Wallis tests. Changes in proportions were calculated using a McNemar test. Results indicated a significant increase in the post-intervention median scores (interquartile range) than the pre-intervention median scores (interquartile range) for NK, NP, and NKP; 7(5,7) vs 4(3,5), 5(4,6) vs 3(2,4) and 12(10,13) vs 7(5,9) respectively, p<0.01. Higher scores were found among those who had received nutrition education, those who had frequently been exposed to nutrition education, those whose spouses/men participated in the intervention and those with a formal level of education than their counterparts. A significant increase in the frequencies of consumption of vegetables, fruits and legumes were noted from the baseline to the post-intervention phase in the end-line (87%-98%, 63%-69% and 76%-87%) respectively. The findings suggest the effectiveness of the nutrition education in the promotion of nutrition knowledge and desirable dietary practices in farming households of Tanzania. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Symbiosis Group en_US
dc.subject Nutrition education en_US
dc.subject Tailored training en_US
dc.subject Dietary practices en_US
dc.subject Nutrition knowledge en_US
dc.subject Food consumption en_US
dc.subject Rural households en_US
dc.title A tailored nutrition education intervention improves women’s nutrition knowledge and dietary practices in farming households of Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url en_US

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