Sokoine University of Agriculture

Nutrient intake of women of child bearing age from two Agro-climatic zones of Rural Areas in Tanzania

Show simple item record Mbwana, H. A. Kinabo, J. 2021-05-19T11:48:21Z 2021-05-19T11:48:21Z 2020
dc.description Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences (2020) Vol. 19 No. 2, 92-106 en_US
dc.description.abstract Nutrient deficiencies impose significant public health problems in many developing countries affecting especially women of child bearing age and children. A household cross-sectional survey involving a sample of 351 households was conducted in four villages of Morogoro and Dodoma regions, representing two different agro-climatic regions, to examine nutrient intake from food in rural women of childbearing age. The respondent was the mother/caregiver in the household. Dietary intake data were collected by using a quantitative 24 hour dietary recall questionnaire. Nutrient intake was analyzed using NutriSurvey program. Nutrients consumed was classified into energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamin A, vitamin B 1 , vitamin B 2 , vitamin B 6 , vitamin B 12 , folic acid, vitamin C, calcium, iron, and zinc. The mean daily intake of energy was 1976 Kcal (95% CI: 1886.1-2066.5) for Morogoro and 1651 Kcal (95% CI: 1553.0-1747.0) for Dodoma. Daily mean intake of protein was 61.2g (95% CI: 56.9-65.4) for Morogoro and 36.7g (95% CI: 32.3- 41.1) for Dodoma. Mean fat intake was 33.0g (95% CI: 30.1-35.9) for Morogoro and 23.9g (95% CI: 20.8-27.0) for Dodoma. Vitamin A (retinol equivalents) intake in Dodoma was higher than the recommended amounts at 823.4g (95% CI: 710.1-916.1) but lower than the recommended intake in Morogoro at 335.3g (95% CI: 271.0-400.0). Even though both districts did not meet the recommended nutrient intake for vitamin B12, Dodoma had the lowest intake at 0.6mg (95% CI: 0.31, 0.83) compared to Morogoro 1.5 mg (95% CI: 1.13, 1.84). The results of this study suggest different nutrient consumption patterns between Dodoma and Morogoro based on the agro- climatic condition of the districts which also influence the type of foods produced in particular areas. This calls for support for education on food and dietary intake that purposely accentuate increasing production and consumption of a diversity of foods preferred in a certain agro-climatic environment. This should include consumption of animal source foods to increase the intake of nutrients. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Tajas en_US
dc.subject Macro-micro-nutrient intake en_US
dc.subject Rural women en_US
dc.subject Morogoro en_US
dc.subject Dodoma en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.title Nutrient intake of women of child bearing age from two Agro-climatic zones of Rural Areas in Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url en_US

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